Desire MIESSEIN, Norman J. Morgenstern HORING, Harry LENZING and Godfrey GUMBS; Incident-Angle Dependence of Electromagnetic Wave Transmission through a Nano-hole in a Thin Plasmonic Semiconductor Layer; Advanced Nano-Bio-Materials and Devices; 2017:1(1):54-70

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This work is focused on the role of the angle of incidence of an incoming electromagnetic wave in its transmission through a subwavelength nano-hole in a thin, smooth, planar semiconductor plasmonic layer. Fully detailed calculations and results are exhibited for p- and s-polarizations of the incident wave for a variety of incident angles in the middle and far zones of the transmitted radiation. Our dyadic Green’s function formulation includes both (1) the electromagnetic field transmitted directly through the 2D plasmonic layer superposed with (2) the radiation emanating from the nano-hole. Interference fringes due to this superposition are explicitly exhibited. Based on an integral equation formulation, this dyadic Green’s function approach does not involve any appeal to ideal metallic boundary conditions. It does incorporate the role of the 2D plasmon of the semiconductor layer, which is smeared due to its lateral wave number dependence.
We find that the interference fringes, which are clustered near the nano-hole, flatten to a uniform level of transmission directly through the sheet alone at large distances from the nano-hole. Furthermore, as the incident angle increases, the axis of the relatively large central transmission maximum through the nano-hole follows it, accompanied by a spatial compression of interference fringe maxima forward of the large central transmission maximum, and a spatial thinning of the fringe maxima behind it. For p-polarization, the transmission results show a strong increase as the incident angle 0 increases, mainly in the dominant Ez component (notwithstanding a concomitant decrease of the Ex component as 0 increases). We also find that in the case of s-polarization of the incident electromagnetic wave, the transmission decreases as 0 increases. These results, for both p- and s-polarizations, are consistent with earlier results for perfect metal boundary conditions, although such ideal boundary conditions are not invoked here as we have treated the problem of a nano-hole in a semiconductor layer and have determined its electromagnetic transmission including the role of its two dimensional plasma