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Anna SYNYTSIA, Magnetic nanoparticles: synthesis, structure, properties and biomedical application. Advanced Nano-Bio-Materials and Devices; 2022:6(1):674-687
The modern development of nanotechnology is marked by the emergence of various magnetic inorganic nanometer particles. They are widely used in various fields of science and have great potential in biomedical applications, including, for example, cancer therapy, drug nanocarriers or targeted delivery and diagnostic systems involving controlled nanoparticles such as nanoprobes and contrast agents. Significant efforts have been made by scientists to design iron oxide nanoparticles due to their superparamagnetic behavior and large surface area, which provides greater biocompatibility and easy binding to natural biomolecules. The article considers the typical characteristics and general methods of obtaining magnetite, as well as the main biomedical applications of magnetite nanoparticles.