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Dieudonne Pascal CHUISSEU DJAMEN, Wilfred Angie ABIA, Stephanie Bernadette ZIBI, Nella SIMO KUO, Claude Berenger NGANTCHOUKO NGALEMO, Ernest TAMBO, Angele TCHANA NKOUATCHOUA, Paul MOUNDIPA FEWOU, Jeanne NGOGANG; Safety of breast milk vis-a-vis common infant formula and complementary foods from western and centre regions of cameroon from mycotoxin perspective; Recent Advances in Food Science; 2018; 1(1): 23-31
Child growth and development in the first 1000 days is crucial to the future of every nation. This paper provides data on the mycotoxins safety of breast milk vis-a-vis some infant formula and complementary foods commonly used in weaning young children in Bangangté and Mbankomo in Cameroon. Overall, 49% (46/93) of breast milk, infant formula (commercial milk) and complementary foods (pap, Cereal-based flour mixture, and yoghurts) were contaminated with at least one mycotoxin. Studied commercial milk (mean: 9.8µg kg-1, max: 33.7 µg kg-1) was more tainted with AFM1 relative to breast milk (mean: 7.4µg kg-1, max: 36.7 µg kg-1) samples. Total AFs and FBs were mainly concentrated in pap (mean: 177µg kg-1, max: 700 µg kg-1 and mean: 17673µg kg-1, max: 56000 µg kg-1, respectively). Yogurt revealed highest levels of DON (mean: 566µg kg-1, max: 870µg kg-1). Similar to previous reports from Cameroon, mean levels of all studied mycotoxins exceeded their corresponding regulatory levels. This speculates that the aggregate exposures of infants and young children to these mycotoxins may be linked to more severe health implications than currently imagined. For the first time in Cameroon, this report has provided data on mycotoxin safety of breast milk vis-a-vis infant formula and complementary foods commonly used to wean young children in Cameroon. More attention is needed on the quality of infant formula and local complementary foods from a mycotoxin perspective as a step towards reducing dietary mycotoxin exposures amongst young children.