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Phyllis TETE, Anastasia M. MAKAROVA, Mikhail SLESAREV; Bio-negative synergy of social and environmental situations for oil- and gas-field facilities in the Gulf of Guinea; Advanced Materials and Technologies Environmental Sciences; 2017:1(1):21-26
The cause of the emergence of bio-negative interaction of social and environmental situation in the oil- and gas-field facilities in the Gulf of Guinea (GoG) region has been studied. It has been established that the cause of the negative synergy of socio-ecological situations is due to the imbalance of equipment and building technology, along with increasing social and environmental load on the whole territory, related to the lack of relevant world-class technologies for collection, transportation and recycling of disposals and wastes from staff’s livelihood. It was found that the disorganized placement of oil and gas facilities in a typical area along the coast of the GoG, poor environmental protection, and inadequate organizational and financial mechanisms of the environmental safety are a part of the main factors, which affect the environment. From the analysis of the main factors determining the state of the socio-environmental structures, it follows that the further development of oil- and gas-field facilities cannot be based on pre-existing technologies. New technologies and design solutions for oil- and gas-field facilities that are safe for environment and integrated with nature should be developed and implemented.